Prep School

Curriculum

The Prep School provides an enriched learning environment that focuses on supporting the students in Years 3 to 6 on a challenging journey of discovery and learning.

An innovative program, based on the Australian Curriculum, places a strong emphasis on the explicit teaching of literacy and numeracy, as the children are encouraged to become creative and independent in their thinking and reflective in their learning.

The Prep School’s learning environment facilitates the development of the Critical, Creative and Ethical intelligences.

Critical Intelligence involves the skills of language, mathematical and verbal reasoning, logic, memory and processing of information. These abilities are developed through a structured and focused academic curriculum, which supports and challenges all students.

Creative Intelligence involves the abilities to think and act with fluency, innovation, flexibility and originality. These qualities are developed through a total curriculum that recognises each student’s special strengths and abilities.

Ethical Intelligence involves the ability to think and act with moral insight. These qualities are developed through a total curriculum, which values a spiritual perspective on life within an Anglican context.

Subjects such as the Humanities and Social Sciences (History, Geography, Science, Civics and Citizenship and Economics and Business) are taught through an integrated studies approach. An integrated curriculum is one that transcends the boundaries imposed by traditional subject groupings. It allows students to move across disciplines as they learn about their world.

Providing an ICT rich learning environment with a focus on ‘learning anywhere, anytime’, students are supported in their studies by the Junior School iPad program. Students are supplied with a School owned and School based iPad to support their learning. Students also have access to trolleys of laptop computers. The iPads and laptops are utilised on a daily basis in each classroom for individual, group or whole class purposes.

The Prep School recognises the need to cater for individual differences. As teachers develop their units of work they incorporate strategies and activities to cater to individual student needs accordingly. Learning experiences for all students are designed to be meaningful, relevant and challenging. The curriculum caters for a variety of learning styles thus enabling students to reach their potential.

Learning in the Prep is organised and dynamic with all students engaged in a myriad of activities in and beyond the classroom.

Specialist lessons include:
Indonesian -  Years 3 and 4
Japanese & German – Years 5 and 6
Art
Music
Science
Health & Physical Education

A wide variety of after school co-curricular activities are also offered throughout the year as we strive to encourage students’ learning beyond the classroom.

Assessment

Assessment plays an essential role in our curriculum development. Teachers conduct regular assessment tasks to ensure that both the content and delivery of the curriculum is appropriate for individual students. Students are assessed prior to, during and at the end of units of work.

Assessment & Reporting 

Teachers make ongoing assessments and document student’s progress throughout the year. Assessment may take place in the form of observations, anecdotal notes, checklists, and assessment tasks. Teachers use a range of assessment tasks in order to cater for the needs and learning styles of the individual students.

There are three types of assessment –

1.     Pre-assessment - Teachers determine what students already know prior to the start of a unit. This helps the teacher to plan the unit of work based on the needs of the students and to differentiate the curriculum as necessary.

2.     Formative assessment - Teachers monitor the learning that is taking place throughout the unit and adjust the curriculum accordingly. 

3.     Summative assessment - Students participate in tasks to demonstrate their learning at the end of the unit of work. This may be done through tests, projects, models, drama presentations, slideshows, etc.

Student Led Conferences are conducted at the end of Term 1 and 3. Formal written reports are distributed at the end of Terms 2 and 4.

Australian Curriculum

The Australian Curriculum’s clear framework outlines what all young Australians should learn as they progress through schooling. The curriculum provides the content and a set of year level achievement standards outlining the expected knowledge, understanding and skills for each learning area.

Together with the curriculum content in each learning area are the general capabilities and the cross-curriculum priorities. These encompass the knowledge, skills, behaviours and dispositions that assist students to live and work successfully in the twenty-first century.

The Australian Curriculum includes seven general capabilities:

 The Cross curriculum priorities are:

English

In English lessons in the Prep School students learn to use language effectively. They develop the skills to form and convey ideas, to inform, to discuss, to persuade, to entertain and to argue. Students develop an understanding of the way purpose, audience and situation influence the structures and function of language. They realise that different texts are appropriate for different occasions and learn to appreciate the variety of English usage in different times and places. Students learn the grammatical structures of English, learn to spell accurately and use punctuation effectively. Students engage in a wide range of activities specifically designed for the needs of the individuals in order to build their skills in reading, writing, speaking, listening and viewing.

Embracing the Australian Curriculum, we teach English with a focus on:

  • Language: knowing about the English language
  • Literature: understanding, appreciating, responding to, analysing and creating literature
  • Literacy: expanding the repertoire of English usage.

 This ensures that students:

  • Learn to listen to, read, view, speak, write, create and reflect on increasingly complex and sophisticated spoken, written and multimodal texts across a growing range of contexts with accuracy, fluency and purpose.
  • Appreciate, enjoy and use the English language in all its variations and develop a sense of its richness and power to evoke feelings, convey information, form ideas, facilitate interaction with others, entertain, persuade and argue.
  • Understand how Standard Australian English works in its spoken and written forms and in combination with non-linguistic forms of communication to create meaning. 
  • Develop interest and skills in inquiring into the aesthetic aspects of texts, and develop an informed appreciation of literature. 

 

DEAR – Drop Everything and Read - A program to support students’ reading.

A 20 minute reading period is a feature of our day and English curriculum. DEAR encourages interaction and responses to reading while promoting sound selection procedures in a variety of genres at appropriate levels. It provides students with the opportunity to develop their reading and concentration skills by giving them regular time to read in uninterrupted, sustained silence. It also allows the students to become involved in the book they are reading and to maintain their interest.

Mathematics

The Prep School‘s Mathematics program provides a variety of activities and experiences that are stimulating, positive and enjoyable for our students. 

Mathematics in the Prep School emphasises the importance of teaching specific problem solving strategies so that children can demonstrate not only their knowledge of the content but also their depth of understanding and ability to apply their knowledge. Students are encouraged to understand and describe their world by solving problems, making predictions and developing their abstract reasoning skills.

Embracing the Australian Curriculum, Mathematics is organised around the interaction of three content strands and four proficiency strands.

The content strands are:

  • Number and Algebra
  • Measurement and Geometry
  • Statistics and Probability.

They describe what is to be taught and learnt.

The content is then explored and developed through the proficiency strands.

The proficiency strands are:

  • Understanding
  • Fluency
  • Problem Solving
  • Reasoning.

They describe how content is explored or developed, that is, the thinking and doing of mathematics.

The Mathematics curriculum aims to ensure that students:

  • Are confident, creative users and communicators of mathematics, able to investigate, represent and interpret situations in their personal and work lives and as active citizens.
  • Develop an increasingly sophisticated understanding of mathematical concepts and fluency with processes, and are able to pose and solve problems and reason in Number and Algebra, Measurement and Geometry, and Statistics and Probability. 
  • Recognise connections between the areas of mathematics and other disciplines and appreciate mathematics as an accessible and enjoyable discipline to study. 

 

Science

Children have a natural curiosity about their world.  In the early years of learning at Pulteney Grammar this curiosity is fostered through investigations, which encourage them to test their explanations about how the world works.  

In Years 3 – 6 at Pulteney Grammar students begin more structured investigations in Science lessons, developing an understanding that testing ideas involves predicting, observing, measuring, recording and analysing.  The notion of a ‘fair test’ and the idea of variables are developed and they learn that with new evidence, theories may be refined or changed.

Students are introduced to the idea that aspects of the complex natural world may be considered as systems and how components within systems relate to each other.  An understanding of the meaning of ‘sustainable futures’ is developed and students are encouraged to use their scientific knowledge to act responsibly.

The Australian Curriculum: Science has three interrelated strands:

  • Science Understanding
  • Science as a Human Endeavour
  • Science Inquiry Skills.

Together, the three strands of the Science curriculum provide students with the understanding, knowledge and skills through which they can develop a scientific view of the world. Students are challenged to explore science, its concepts, nature and uses through clearly described inquiry processes.

The Science Understanding strand comprises four sub-strands. Students in the Prep School carry out investigations in the following four areas of science under the guidance of our Prep School Science Co-coordinator.

  • Biological Sciences
  • Chemical Sciences
  • Earth and Space Sciences
  • Physical Science

 Humanities and Social Science

The humanities and social sciences are the study of human behaviour and interaction in social, cultural, environmental, economic and political contexts. The humanities and social sciences have a historical and contemporary focus, from personal to global contexts, and consider challenges for the future.

Through studying Humanities and Social Sciences, the Prep School students will develop the ability to question, think critically, solve problems, communicate effectively, make decisions and adapt to change. Thinking about and responding to issues requires an understanding of the key historical, geographical, political, economic and societal factors involved, and how these different factors interrelate.

The Humanities and Social Science subjects provide a broad understanding of the world in which we live, and how people can participate as active and informed citizens with high-level skills needed for the 21st century.

Subjects in this learning area include; Humanities and Social Sciences, History, Geography, Civics and Citizenship and Economics and Business.

In all five subjects, the curriculum is organised into two broad interrelated strands:

  • Knowledge and understanding
  • Inquiry and skills.

History

Students at Pulteney Grammar study history to gain an understanding of how the world and its people have changed over time.  An awareness of history promotes an understanding of societies, events and developments that have shaped our world.  Students learn that history is based on the interpretations of evidence which promotes debate, develops the ability to ask critical questions and analyse sources of information.  The study of history promotes students’ willingness to become informed and active citizens. Inquiry based learning is a focus in the Prep School to ensure children are transforming their knowledge and applying the skills and strategies they have learnt into new learning experiences.

In Years 3 – 6 at Pulteney Grammar students acquire a better understanding of the wider community and the history of Australia as a developing nation.  They become aware of the diversity of Australian society and the similarities and differences between Australian people of different heritage.  They develop an understanding of their relationship to others past and present and through the study of democracy and government, begin to understand democratic processes and rights, as well as justice and fair play.

The Year 3- 6 History curriculum aims to ensure that students develop: 

  • Interest in, and enjoyment of, historical study for lifelong learning and work, including their capacity and willingness to be informed and active citizens 
  • Knowledge, understanding and appreciation of the past and the forces that shape societies, including Australian society 
  • Understanding and use of historical concepts, such as evidence, continuity and change, cause and effect, perspectives, empathy, significance and contestability 
  • Capacity to undertake historical inquiry, including skills in the analysis and use of sources, and in explanation and communication. 

Geography

Geography is a structured way of exploring, analyzing and understanding the characteristics of the places that make up our world, using the concepts of place, space, environment, sustainability, scale and change. It addresses scales from the personal to the global and time periods from a few years to a thousand years.

Geography in the Prep School integrates knowledge from the natural sciences, social sciences and humanities to build a holistic understanding of the world. Students learn to question why the world is the way it is, as they reflect on their relationships with and responsibilities for that world, and propose actions designed to shape a socially just and sustainable future.

The Year 3 – 6 Geography curriculum aims to ensure that students develop:

  • A sense of wonder, curiosity and respect about places, people, cultures and environments throughout the world
  • A deep geographical knowledge of their own locality, Australia, the Asia region and the world
  • The ability to think geographically, using geographical concepts
  • The capacity to be competent, critical and creative users of geographical inquiry methods and skills as informed, responsible and active citizens who can contribute to the development of an environmentally and economically sustainable, and socially just world.

Technologies

The study of Technologies in the Prep School draws together the distinct but related subjects of Design and Technologies and Digital Technologies. 

Our aim is to ensure that all students benefit from learning about and working with traditional, contemporary and emerging technologies that shape the world in which we live. In creating solutions, as well as responding to the designed world, students will contribute to sustainable patterns of living for themselves and others.

Embracing the Australian Curriculum, students in the Prep School are introduced to two subject areas:

Design and Technologies, in which students use design thinking and technologies to generate and produce designed solutions for authentic needs and opportunities.

Digital Technologies, in which students use computational thinking and information systems to define, design and implement digital solutions.

The Prep School program aims to develop the knowledge, understanding and skills to ensure that, individually and collaboratively, students:

  •  Investigate, design, plan, manage, create and evaluate solutions
  • Are creative, innovative and enterprising when using traditional, contemporary and emerging technologies, and understand how technologies have developed over time
  • Make informed and ethical decisions about the role, impact and use of technologies in the economy, environment and society for a sustainable future
  • Engage confidently with and responsibly select and manipulate appropriate technologies − materials, data, systems, components, tools and equipment − when designing and creating solutions
  • Critique, analyse and evaluate problems, needs or opportunities to identify and create solutions.

Our belief that an innovative curriculum requires the integration of technology across all areas of the curriculum has meant that every child has access to a School owned and School based iPad. Students also have access to sets of laptops. We believe that an information rich classroom is essential for an effective learning environment.

Students are effectively taught the appropriate skills to use the Prep School software and the Internet. In the Prep School we value safety on the Internet and the students complete an extensive awareness program highlighting good ‘netiquette', equipping them with appropriate skills to navigate cyberspace in a knowledgeable and safe way.

The school has installed Interactive Whiteboards (Years 3 and 4) and LED screens (Years 5 and 6) in each classroom, enabling teachers to provide an even more stimulating, learning environment. These teaching tools naturally lead to more meaningful classroom discussions, with students actively involved in their learning.

Prep School Resource Centre

During Library sessions, students become familiar with the organisation of the library and the various sources of information that they are able to access such as the non-fiction section, reference books and the Internet.

Students also have the opportunity to listen to and read texts from the fiction and picture storybook section and engage in discussions about authors, text construction and themes. Students are encouraged to borrow books on a regular basis.

Library lessons focus on the direct teaching of the ‘Inquiry Method’ of research. Students are powerful learners who must be actively engaged in the learning process. Through the inquiry learning approach offered in the Prep School, we challenge students to be active inquirers rather than passive absorbers of facts and knowledge. Through actively taking part in their learning students are involved in the construction of knowledge. Inquiry learning and active involvement can lead to important outcomes in the classroom.

Students who make observations, collect, analyse and sythesise information and draw conclusions are developing useful problem solving skills. Inquiry learning is concerned with school success but it is equally concerned with preparation for life-long learning.

Inquiry learning leads students to a greater understanding of the world in which they live, learn, communicate and work.

The Learning Support Program

The Learning Support Program at Pulteney provides support and teaching opportunities for nominated students as they strive to achieve their learning potential.

Standardised tests in reading comprehension, spelling and mathematics are administered in the Prep School each year. Test results are analysed by both class teachers and the Learning Support staff so that students at both ends of the educational spectrum are identified for special curriculum extension or the Learning Assistance Program.

Test results together with information gained from teachers’ observations, informal tests, anecdotal records, recommendations from professionals outside the school and parental input are used to ensure individual learning needs are recognized and supported.

Class teachers work in partnership with the staff from the Learning Support Centre to implement a differentiated curriculum that meets the needs of all students.

The Learning Assistance Program – LAP

The Learning Assistance Program provides individual support to students in the areas of reading, spelling, writing and mathematics. Students work with volunteers who are trained to follow structured learning programs that are directed by classroom teachers. Volunteers are supported by staff who also monitor student/volunteer interactions to ensure the success of the program.

English as a Second Language – ESL

Students who are identified as needing support with English as a Second Language are placed on a program that may include

•    working one to one with the ESL teacher

•    being placed on a Learning Assistance Program

•    a modified classroom program.

The ‘Stretch’ Extension Program

The Learning Support Gifted Focus Teacher oversees this program, which is run in collaboration with classroom teachers either within the classroom setting or in small withdrawal groups.

Once academically advanced students are identified, classroom teachers meet with the Gifted Focus Teacher to discuss and organise the program and resources appropriate to the needs of their academically advanced students.

Activities that provide Extension and Enrichment are for all students and at Pulteney are provided for with the support of the Gifted Focus Teacher within the classroom environment. This support comes in the form of the Gifted Focus Teacher working collaboratively in the classroom with the teacher, or sometimes leading the class, or working with a small group, as well as providing resources and mentorship as required. We recognize and support sub-populations of students with high potential who are not working to the level of their potential.

Higher Order Thinking and Questioning Skills (critical, creative and ethical) are embedded in a school wide program. Differentiation for advanced students is provided through encouraging the use of higher order thinking strategies and open-ended questions which allow for deep exploration of a topic.

Pulteney Grammar is also working towards establishing Costa’s Habits of Minds throughout the school. Habits of Mind are the 16 behaviours which assist in solving problems where the answer is unknown.

Health and Physical Education

Health and physical education at Pulteney Grammar is structured around two main strands of learning:

  • Movement and physical activity
  • Personal, social and community health


The curriculum develops students’ knowledge, understanding and skills in relation to their health, wellbeing, safety and participation in physical activity. Students begin to explore personal and social factors that support and contribute to their identities and emotional responses in varying situations. They also develop a further understanding of how their bodies grow and change as they get older.

The content explores the knowledge, skills and understanding required to support students to build and maintain respectful relationships, make health-enhancing and safe decisions, and interpret health messages from different sources.

Through participation in a variety of physical activities, students further develop their knowledge about how the body moves and learn about the benefits of regular physical activity. Students continue to learn to apply rules fairly and behave ethically when participating in different physical activities.

The Health and Physical Education program provides students opportunities to develop personal and social skills such as leadership, communication, collaboration, problem-solving, persistence and decision-making.


Students participate in 2 x 45 minute lessons per week, plus a team sport practice (1 hour) for students competing in organised interschool competitions.


The PE and Health program covers the following topics:

  • Alcohol and other drugs
  • Food and nutrition
  • Health benefits of physical activity
  • Mental health and wellbeing
  • Relationships and sexuality
  • Safety
  • Challenge and adventure activities
  • Fundamental movement skills
  • Games and sports
  • Lifelong physical activities
  • Rhythmic and expressive movement activities

All students participate in a Summer and a Winter sport. The following interschool sports are available for students to select.

Years 3 & 4

Basketball

 

Football

 

Cricket

 

Netball

 

Hockey

 

Soccer (Year 4)

 

Softball(Year 4)

 

Tennis

   

Years 5 & 6

Cricket

 

Softball

 

Tennis

 

Basketball

 

Hockey

 

Football

 

Soccer

 

Netball

   

Students in Years 4-6 may qualify for SAPSASA swimming and athletics teams, participating in carnivals that can lead to higher levels. 

In Year 6 they may try out for SAPSASA teams that involve elite training and competitions.  

 The Arts

 Arts Learning at Pulteney Grammar is structured around three main strands of learning:

  • Arts in contexts

  • Arts practice

  • Arts analysis and response



The Arts curriculum in the Prep School incorporates the belief that children are naturally curious and enjoy experiences that actively involves them in practical activities.   

The ultimate goal is to develop and strengthen enjoyment and understanding of dance, drama, media, music and visual arts through enjoyable, high-interest activities that are practical and hands-on.   Students are encouraged to actively participate in a variety of experiences within the classroom as well as extra curricular experiences.

Activities are developed to challenge thinking, motivate and to enhance success.  Learning experiences are carefully planned so that student awareness and understanding of skills and concepts are continuously developed through the stages of investigation, creation and performance.

Key learning experiences in the arts for students in the Prep School include:

•     Experiences that involve individuals in ensemble, solo, small group and whole year level work, which promotes co-operation and the value of shared experiences. 

•     A variety of extra-curricular activities to strengthen skills and knowledge introduced and developed during class instruction - percussion ensemble, recorder ensemble, string ensemble, band, choir, and drama. 

•     Development and strengthening of musical concepts and skills through the use of tuned and un-tuned percussion instruments and recorder in music lessons, including string and wind/brass programs. 

•     Developing an understanding of visual art works in the world around them and of the different styles and forms used by artists to express ideas and concepts. 

•     Developing a sense of time and place based on knowledge gained of the histories and traditions associated with the arts practice of artists/performers from a diversity of cultures from across the world. 

•     Exploring and creating different styles and forms of artworks. 

•     Exploring the use of media both traditional and contemporary. 

•     Examining content, format and visual presentation techniques used in a variety media. 

•     Investigating a wide range of media technologies. 

•     Experiences that encourage students to become active participants as real artists through performance and presentations to peers, parents and the Pulteney community.   

•     The opportunity to express oneself through their own compositions, inventions and improvisations. 

•     Group work that encourages positive social interactions, developing skills in co-operation, leadership, tolerance and respect.

Languages

Indonesian (ELC to Year 4)

German and Japanese (Year 5 and 6)

Through the study of languages, children gain knowledge and skills that enable them to communicate and to make comparisons across languages and cultures.  They extend their understanding of themselves and their own language, widen their network of interactions, and strengthen their literacy and numeracy skills.

The goals of the Language Program at Pulteney are:

•    Communication:  That students develop the capacity to communicate effectively using the skills of speaking, listening, reading and writing in Indonesian, German and Japanese.

•    Understanding language as a system:  That students reflect on the uses of language and develop an awareness of the structures and conventions of the foreign language so that they may compare them to English.

•    Understanding culture:  That students develop an understanding of the interrelationship between language and culture, extend their capacity to move across cultures and appreciate cultural diversity.

•    General knowledge:  That students extend their knowledge of a range of ideas related to their interests, issues in their world and concepts drawn from other Learning Areas.

Values and Ethics at Pulteney

Values are “The ideals that give significance to our lives, that are reflected through the priorities we choose and that we act on consistently and repeatedly” (Hill, 2004)

The teaching of values and ethics at Pulteney Grammar is fundamental to our whole school teaching program.

The teaching of values and ethics in the Prep School is integrated across all curriculum areas and it is supported by a variety of programs. Through values education children acquire confidence and self-esteem and are equipped with “the capacity to exercise judgement and a grasp of the principles of morality and justice.” (The Australian Education Council, National Goals for the School Curriculum.)

The Prep School’s Values and Ethics program is presented in a safe and supportive learning environment in which students are encouraged to explore their own, their school’s and their community’s values.

The Values and Ethics Program in the Prep School includes:

Chapel and the Biblical Tradition. This element educates students in an appreciation of the Bible and knowledge of the Anglican tradition. Regular worship in the Chapel of St Augustine is provided and each student is encouraged to develop a serious moral and spiritual perspective on life.

The ‘Values of the Term’ Program. The Prep school follows the nine ‘Values for Australian Schooling’ education program, which is supplemented by a focus on a selection of themes each term, across all learning areas in Years 3 – Year 6.   Classes explore explicit values and the ethical questions pertinent to those values.

Ethics Education lessons are lessons which focus on ethical questions that may be related (although not always) to the ‘Values of the Term’. Ethics focuses on the exploration of ethical dilemmas and incorporates some age appropriate exploration of the discipline of Philosophy.  Questions are explored in whole class or group discussions, often drawing on the content of children’s literature. 

Students explore the concepts of right and wrong, rights and responsibilities, justice and injustice, and tolerance and intolerance.  Students are encouraged to think for themselves and arrive at their own view, to accept responsibility for that view and to respect the views of others.  Through these discussions students articulate their values and understand the values of the school. 

The Values and Ethics Program in the Prep School explicitly incorporates the nine values for Australian schooling within the values framework for the school.  The program is taught by using a variety of different models, modes and strategies that meet the individual needs of students. The Values and Ethics at Pulteney Program complements the School Well Being Program.